Introducing Our Custom-Built US Substantial Presence Test Calculator If you’ve ever wondered whether your time spent in the United States (US) makes you a tax resident, you’re not alone. The IRS’s Substantial Presence Test helps make this determination, shaping your US tax obligations. In this guide, we’ll dive into the Presence Test, how it’s calculated, and what forms and key dates you should be aware of. We understand that dealing with US tax obligations can be an overwhelming experience. We’ve developed a specialized US Presence Test Calculator to streamline the process and provide an instant snapshot of your potential US tax liability. With the help of our US Presence Test Calculator, you can now avoid manual calculations, making it less likely to make errors that can affect your tax status. Remember, while our tool offers a solid starting point, it’s always best to consult with a qualified tax advisor for a tailored assessment of your tax obligations. What is the 183 days Substantial Presence Test? Are you a US Tax Resident? The Presence Test is a set of guidelines by the IRS to determine if you’re a US resident for tax purposes. The criteria focus on your substantial physical presence in the US over a three-year period: the current year and two preceding years. How the Substantial Presence Test Works: Real-Life Examples - Example 1: Meet Sarah Sarah, a Canadian citizen, spent 120 days in the US in 2023, 130 in 2022, and 150 in 2021. To calculate her Presence Test: – 120 days (2023) – 43.33 days (1/3 of 130 days from 2022) – 25 days (1/6 of 150 days from 2021) Total: 188.33 days Sarah exceeds the 183-day limit and could be considered a US tax resident, subject to exceptions. Example 2: Introducing Tony Tony, from the UK, spent 90 days in the US in 2023, 60 in 2022, and 180 in 2021. His Presence Test calculation: – 90 days (2023) – 20 days (1/3 of 60 days from 2022) – 30 days (1/6 of 180 days from 2021) Total: 140 days Tony doesn’t exceed the 183-day limit and isn’t considered a US tax resident. Tax Forms and Key Dates for Compliance If the Presence Test shows you’re a US tax resident, there are critical forms and deadlines: – Form 1040: US Individual Income Tax Return, due by April 15th. – Form 8840: Closer Connection Exception Statement for Aliens, due June 15th if you qualify for the closer connection exception. – Form 8833: Treaty-Based Return Position Disclosure, if you rely on a tax treaty to claim non-residence. Late filing can attract penalties, so ensure you meet the IRS deadlines. Moving to Florida, Texas or California Regarding relocating from the United Kingdom to the United States, three states consistently come up in conversation: Texas, Florida, and California. But what’s drawing UK expats to these particular states? Tax Benefits: Texas and Florida stand out for their lack of state income tax, which can be a significant draw for UK residents accustomed to the United Kingdom’s Income Tax rates. Florida is particularly attractive to retirees, offering additional tax breaks on pension income. Weather: The warm climates in all three states starkly contrast with the UK’s often grey and rainy weather. Florida’s beaches and California’s sun-soaked coastline are big draws for those who prefer to spend their days outdoors. Quality of Life: All three states offer a range of lifestyle choices, from urban city living to quieter suburban communities, providing options for families and singles alike. Social Security Benefits and Retirement: Moving to these states can offer more than immediate tax benefits for UK expats concerned about retirement. Understanding the intricacies of the US Social Security system in conjunction with the UK’s State Pensions could lead to a more financially secure retirement. So, whether it’s the lure of sunny skies, career advancement, or tax incentives, Texas, Florida, and California are increasingly becoming the states of choice for UK transplants. If you’re considering a move, it’s crucial to understand the Income Tax implications, state-specific regulations, and how your move will affect your long-term financial planning. The US/UK Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) UK/US Tax Treaty: One of the significant considerations for UK residents contemplating a move to states like Texas, Florida, or California is the existing tax treaty between the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US). This treaty aims to prevent double taxation on the same income and provides a framework for resolving tax disputes. The agreement covers various types of income, including employment income, pensions, and investment returns. It also outlines how tax credits may be applied if you are liable for taxes in both jurisdictions. Understanding the treaty can help you plan your finances more efficiently and save you from paying unnecessary taxes. FAQ What is the Presence Test? It's a calculation to determine your US tax residency. What are the key IRS forms to complete? Forms 1040, 8840, and 8833 are crucial. What are the significant deadlines? April 15th for Form 1040 and June 15th for Form 8840. Can tax treaties affect the Presence Test? Yes, they can offer more favourable terms. What happens if I miss a filing deadline? You could face financial penalties from the IRS.