Property developer Stamp Duty changes from Kwasi Kwarteng in the 2022 mini-budget Growth Plan Stamp Duty on buy to let properties SDLT Returns Residential SDLT calculator SDLT for first time buyers relief calculator Stamp Duty Second Homes Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) SDLT for Property Developers Stamp Duty & Limited Companies Stamp Duty Refunds There have been several changes to UK Stamp Duty. These changes came about because of the Growth Plan and Kwasi Kwarteng on 23rd September 2022. One of the changes to tax made by Kwasi Kwarteng was Stamp Duty. These changes were announced in the mini-budget. Kwasi Kwarteng’s idea is to stimulate the housing market and the economy at large. Stamp Duty was changed from 23rd September 2022 and was effective as of that date. 0% Stamp Duty rate for property under £125,000 was increased to £250,000. All other rates apply as normal. Please note that there was no change to the 3% SDLT surcharge for any residential property purchased over £40,000. There was no change to the 2% foreign surcharge either. Use our Stamp Duty tax calculator to check how much you need to pay. What are the Stamp Duty Land Tax costs for Property Developers Stamp Duty Land Tax, or SDLT to some people, is a tax transaction cost when you buy a property to develop. There are two types of SDLT. The first type is the residential use Stamp Duty Land Tax rate. Stamp Duty is a scaled-rate tax charge. Up to £125,000 Zero From £125,001 to £250,000 0% (2% before the mini budget announcement) From £250,001 to £925,000 5% From £925,001 to £1.5m 10% Over £1.5m 12% Any UK property developer looking to buy a residential property needs to be aware that a 3% Stamp Duty surcharge applies to residential use properties over £40,000. The 3% Stamp Duty on second homes is applied to the entire value of the property. The 3% Stamp Duty higher rate charge will be £1,500 if the UK residential property is worth £50,000. The second type of SDLT is called non-residential use Stamp Duty Land Tax Rate. Up to £150,000 Zero Over £150,000 to £250,000 1% Over £250,000 to £500,000 3% Over £500,000 4% Types of Stamp Duty to consider Residential Use Stamp Duty Residential properties, which are used for people to live in will attract a scaled SDLT charge over £250,000 Non Residential Stamp Duty Non-residential or commercial properties have a lower rate of SDLT. This applies to shops, restaurants, warehouses, offices etc 3% SDLT higher rate The 3% SDLT higher rate only applies to residential use properties. This rate does not apply to non-residential use properties (commercial properties). 0% SDLT Acquisition by a house-building company from individual acquiring new dwelling Property developers that carry out property exchange will not need to pay SDLT. Stamp Duty for developers can be avoided. Sheila is looking to sell her house, and she decides to buy a new home from a property developer. They eventually are to do a part exchange on an old-for-new basis. Technically, this allows property developers to swap houses without paying stamp duty. The property developer will not need to pay SDLT to purchase the older property. This is provided the following conditions are met: The individual must – occupied the old dwelling as their main residence in the period of two years of acquisition – acquires a new dwelling from the house-building company (property developer) – intends to occupy the new dwelling as their only or main residence – each acquisition is entered into in consideration of the other – the area of land acquired by the house-building company does not exceed the permitted area The amount of chargeable consideration is the difference between the permitted area’s market value and the old dwelling’s value. The value of the old dwelling includes the building and land combined. 0% SDLT Acquisition by property trader from an individual where the chain of transactions breaks down Now let’s imagine that someone is looking to sell their house. It is not that difficult to imagine many of you may have been involved in a property purchase transaction that subsequently fails. The seller may have already identified a property to buy and will likely to feel dissatisfaction with the whole process. If a property developer was to hear about the broken-down transaction and continue to buy it, then there is no SDLT charge. This is provided that the below conditions are met as outlined in legislation: – the individual has made arrangements to sell the old dwelling and acquires another dwelling – the arrangements to sell the old dwelling fails – the acquisition of the old dwelling is made for the purpose of enabling the individual’s acquisition of the other dwelling to proceed – the property trader makes the acquisition in the course of a business that consists of or includes acquiring dwellings from individuals in the above circumstances In addition, the individual must – occupied the old dwelling as their main or only residence at some time in the two years before the date of purchase by the property trader – intends to occupy the other dwelling as their only or main residence – the area of land acquired by the property trader does not exceed the permitted area 0% SDLT Acquisition by property trader from personal representatives The legislation covers a scenario where a property developer purchases a dwelling from personal representatives. The purchase will be exempt from Stamp Duty Land Tax if all of the following conditions are met: – the purchase is in the course of a business consisting of dwellings from personal representatives – the deceased individual occupied the dwelling as his main or only residence at some time in the two years ending with the date of his death and – the area of land acquired does not exceed the permitted area ICTA88/S839 applies for the purpose of determining whether a company is connected with a house-building company a property trader means a: – company – limited liability partnership – a partnership whose members are all companies that carry out the business of buying and selling properties. The relief is unavailable to sole traders, individuals or individuals in partnership. The property developer should complete a land transaction return to claim the relief available, and the consideration paid should be shown in Box 10 of form SDLT1. Buy a property limited company, not individual properties rates SDLT is charged on land and property. Buying shares in a company attract a different level of tax with Stamp Duty (SD) at 0.5%, which is considerably less than if you purchased several properties from an individual as you would have had to pay the normal scaled level of SDLT, plus the 3% surcharge. So if you are looking to buy properties ensure that you buy the company that holds the properties to take advantage of the different stamp duty levels. Once you have identified a company to purchase then you will need to buy the company in your own name or have it as part of your group of companies. You will need to complete a stock transfer form to ensure that the ownership changes hands. And, of course, having properties in a limited company has the added advantage that you can offset all of your mortgage interest costs against your property income, which as a higher rate taxpayer you will soon not be able to do. John is looking to buy a property investment for £250,000. He is speaking with one landlord about buying the property that is held in a limited company. He is also offered to buy the limited company instead. If he were to buy the property from the company, then the SDLT charges would apply £500,000 purchase price £12,500 SDLT banded rates from the above table. The first £250,000 is not subject to SDLT. The 0% SDLT property developer rate was changed from £125,000 to £250,000 by Kwasi Kwarteng’s mini-budget announcement on Friday, 23rd September, as part of the 2022 Growth Plan. £15,000 3% SDLT surcharge tax rate £27,500 total SDLT for buying a property investment with a value of £500,000 If John were to buy the company he would save a significant amount of SDLT. £500,000 market value of the property £300,000 mortgage on the buy to let investment property within the company £200,000 net asset value of the company The Stamp Duty (SD) rate is 0.5% of the £200,000. The SD rate is £1,000. John would save an incredible £26,500 It was suggested that properties valued over £500,000 would be subject to Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED) when you buy a residential property into a limited company. This does not apply provided that the property is rented out. You will need to complete a form Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED): Relief Declaration Return to let HMRC know that the property is rented and that ATED should not be applied. Stamp Duty and Mixed Use property A mixed-use property is one property that has an element of residential (home) and non-residential (office, shop, restaurant etc). The benefit of buying a mixed-use property is the ability to reduce stamp duty.